Trayodashi ( Pradosh) Vrat - 2016


Pradosh Vrat ( Trayodashi vrat ):




Pradosh Vrat is an auspicious day dedicated to Hindu God Shiva. The Vrat falls on the 13th day of every lunar fortnight in traditional Hindu calendar. Below are the Pradosh Vrat dates in 2014. Shiva devotees fast from sunrise to sunset and important rituals and pujas are held during the twilight period. Usually there are only two Pradosh in a month. 

 Trayodashi ( Pradosh) Vrat Dates- 2016





Pradosha Puja Time
07
January
(Thursday)
Pradosh Vrat (K)
17:35 to 20:20
21
January
(Thursday)
Pradosh Vrat (S)
17:46 to 20:28
06
February
(Saturday)
Shani Pradosh Vrat (K)
17:59 to 20:37
20
February
(Saturday)
Shani Pradosh Vrat (S)
18:10 to 20:44
06
March
(Sunday)
Pradosh Vrat (K)
18:20 to 20:49
20
March
(Sunday)
Pradosh Vrat (S)
18:28 to 20:52
05
April
(Tuesday)
Bhauma Pradosh Vrat (K)
18:37 to 20:55
19
April
(Tuesday)
Bhauma Pradosh Vrat (S)
18:45 to 20:59
04
May
(Wednesday)
Pradosh Vrat (K)
18:54 to 21:03
19
May
(Thursday)
Pradosh Vrat (S)
19:03 to 21:09
02
June
(Thursday)
Pradosh Vrat (K)
19:11 to 21:14
17
June
(Friday)
Pradosh Vrat (S)
19:16 to 21:19
02
July
(Saturday)
Shani Pradosh Vrat (K)
19:18 to 21:21
17
July
(Sunday)
Pradosh Vrat (S)
19:15 to 21:20
31
July
(Sunday)
Pradosh Vrat (K)
19:08 to 21:16
15
August
(Monday)
Soma Pradosh Vrat (S)
18:56 to 21:08
729
August
(Monday)
Soma Pradosh Vrat (K)
18:41 to 20:57
14
September
(Wednesday)
Pradosh Vrat (S)
18:23 to 20:44
28
September
(Wednesday)
Pradosh Vrat (K)
18:06 to 20:32
13
October
(Thursday)
Pradosh Vrat (S)
19:15 to 20:20
27
October
(Thursday)
Pradosh Vrat (K)
17:35 to 20:11
12
November
(Saturday)
Shani Pradosh Vrat (S)
17:24 to 20:05
26
November
(Saturday)
Shani Pradosh Vrat (K)
17:20 to 20:03
11
December
(Sunday)
Pradosh Vrat (S)
17:20 to 20:06
26
December
(Monday)
Soma Pradosh Vrat (K)
17:27 to 20:13



Note - 24-hour clock with local time of Delhi & DST adjusted for all Muhurat timings (if applicable)

(K) - Krishna Paksha Pradosham
(S) - Shukla Paksha Pradosham
 


Trayodashi ( Pradosh) Vrat Dates- 2015

             
Date
 Day
 Pradosh
Pradosha Puja Time
02
January
(Friday)
Pradosh Vrat (S)
17:00 to 19:40
18
January
(Sunday)
Pradosh Vrat (K)
17:11 to 19:49
01
February
(Sunday)
Pradosh Vrat (S)
17:20 to 19:56
16
February
(Monday)
Soma Pradosh Vrat (K)
17:29 to 20:02
02
March
(Monday)
Soma Pradosh Vrat (S)
17:36 to 20:05
18
March
(Wednesday)
Pradosh Vrat (K)
17:42 to 20:07
01
April
(Wednesday)
Pradosh Vrat (S)
17:47 to 20:08
16
April
(Thursday)
Pradosh Vrat (K)
17:53 to 20:10
01
May
(Friday)
Pradosh Vrat (S)
17:59 to 20:12
15
May
(Friday)
Pradosh Vrat (K)
18:05 to 20:16
31
May
(Sunday)
Pradosh Vrat (S)
18:12 to 20:21
14
June
(Sunday)
Pradosh Vrat (K)
18:17 to 20:25
29
June
(Monday)
Soma Pradosh Vrat (S)
18:21 to 20:28
13
July
(Monday)
Soma Pradosh Vrat (K)
18:20 to 20:29
29
July
(Wednesday)
Pradosh Vrat (S)
18:15 to 20:26
11
August
(Tuesday)
BhaumPradoshVrat (K)
18:07 to 20:21
27
August
(Thursday)
Pradosh Vrat (S)
17:54 to 20:12
10
September
(Thursday)
Pradosh Vrat (K)
17:41 to 20:02
25
September
(Friday)
Pradosh Vrat (S)
19:00 to 19:51
10
October
(Saturday)
Shani Pradosh Vrat (K)
17:12 to 19:40
25
October
(Sunday)
Pradosh Vrat (S)
17:00 to 19:32
08
November
(Sunday)
Pradosh Vrat (K)
16:51 to 19:27
23
November
(Monday)
Soma Pradosh Vrat (S)
16:47 to 19:25
08
December
(Tuesday)
BhaumPradoshVrat (K)
16:48 to 19:28
23
December
(Wednesday)
Pradosh Vrat (S)
16:54 to 19:34
 
 Note - 24-hour clock with local time & DST adjusted for all puja timings (if applicable)


(K) - Krishna Paksha Pradosham
(S) - Shukla Paksha Pradosham


**********************************************************


** Pradosha, Pradosham and Pradosh Puja mean the same and are the different spellings used by people to refer to the Vrata.



~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~ 

Pradosh  OR  Pradosham:



* Pradosham literally means removal of sins.


* Pradosh Kaal:--The time of 2 hours 24 minutes, after sunset is known as Pradosh time. It keep changes according to the different territories. Normally, a period between sunset and starting of night is considered as Pradosh Kaal.


* These times give oppurtunity to remove negative karma (or karmic energy).


* It is believed, that in Pradosh Kaal, Lord Bholenath, perform dance on Mount Kailash in a pleased mood.


* It is  said that just lighting a single deep or having darshan of Shiva in a nearby temple during Pradosham Period is enough to please Lord Shiva.



~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~

Significance of Pradosh Vrat:


* Pradosh Fast is observed on Trayodashi of every Moon month(Chandra Masa). This fast is kept in both Krishna and Shukla Paksha.


* This fast joins a person with religious practices and salvation, and, free from the shackles of mean working. In this fast Lord Shiva is worshiped. People doing this Puja, get relived from their poverty, death, sadness and loans.


* That time person who keep the fast on Trayodashi and worship Lord Shiva have grace of God on him. Person observing this fast get the path of salvation and gets free from rounds of taking rebirths. 

 ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~


Benefits obtained by Pradosh Vrat:



Different benefits are obtained by Pradosh Vrat as per the different days. Like --


* Monday Trayodashi (Som Pradosha) provides with good health and helps to fulfil our wishes.


* Tuesday Trayodashi(Bhaum Pradosha) cures diseases and provide with benefits of health.


* Wednesday Trayodashi fulfills the wishes of person observing the fast.


* Thursday Trayodashi (Guru Pradosha) is observed for the destruction of enemies.


* Saturday Trayodashi (Shani Pradosha) is observed for the pleasure and happiness of married life. Also, people expecting to conceive a child, should observe this Pradosh fast of Saturday.


~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~

* Procedure of Pradosh Vrat:





* One who takes this Vrata fasts on that day, and keeps vigil at night after the fast is over.


* Bathing an hour before sunset, the worshipper first performs a preliminary worship of Lord Shiva, together with all the others of His divine family, namely, Parvati, Ganesha, Kartikeya and Nandi.






* Some people worship sacred Shivlinga. The Shivling is bathed with water and Bilva Patra (Bel leaves ) are offered.



Abhishek (Worshipping Shiva –Lingam)
 According to some learned people following items are offered for fulfilling wishes:

** sugared milk --- for son
** sugarcane juice --- for wealth
** honey --- for paap naash
** ghee --- for health
** cow’s milk --- for longevity
** ghee with mantra jaap --- for grand son
** milk --- for fulfillment of desired wishes
** bel-patra  --- for prestige, post and prosperity
 ** akhand bel patra === kanya daan of koti kanyas

Chant following mantra while offering these items:
 
Tridalam Trigunakaram Trinetram Cha Trayaayudham
Trijanma-papsanhamharam Bilva-patram Shivaarpanam
Darshanam Bilva-vrikshasya Sparshanam Paapaasham
Aghor-papsanhamharam Bilva-patram Shivaarpanam


त्रिदलं त्रिगुणाकारं त्रिनेत्रं च त्रयायुधम् ।
त्रिजन्मपापसंहारं बिल्वपत्रं शिवार्पणम् ।
दर्शनं बिल्ववृक्षस्य स्पर्शनं पापनाशनम् ।
अघोरपापसंहारं बिल्वपत्रं शिवार्पणम् ।

.......................






* Or some people use a painting or a picture of Lord Shiva for worship.


* Or some worship Lord Shiva in the form of a kalash.The kalash filled with water is covered with durba grass and a lotus is drawn on it.


* Now Lord Shiva is invoked, take a betel leaf, betel nut, rice, a coin and flower petals and pray to Lord Shiva asking Lord Shiva to please come and accept your prayers.



* Now chant the following:-



(1) Om swagatam su swagatam - Om Shiva-ye namah

ऊँ स्वागतम् सुस्वागतम् । ऊँ शिवाय नमः॥

(Swagatam means O Lord Shiva I welcome you.)

~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~

** Then offer pushpam.

 
(2) Om idam pushpam – Om Shiva-ye namah

ऊँ इदं पुष्पम् समर्पयामि । ऊँ शिवाय नमः॥


(Pushpam = flowers )

~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~

** Then offer incense


(3) Om tato dhoopam aghraa-payaami – Om Shiva-ye namah

ऊँ धूपम् आघ्रापयामि। ऊँ शिवाय नमः॥
(Dhoopam =incense)

~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~

** Then offer lamp


(4) Om prat-yaksha deepam darshayaami – Om Shiva-ye namah
ऊँ प्रत्यक्ष दीपम् दर्शयामि । ऊँ शिवाय नमः॥

(Deepam = lamp)

~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~

(5) Om naivedyam samar-payaami – Om Shiva-ye namah
ऊँ नैवेद्यम् समर्पयामि । ऊँ शिवाय नमः॥

** (Offer cut fruit - Naivedyam = mithai , kheer or food)

~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~

(6)
Om yaani kaani cha paapaani janmaantara kritaanee cha,
taani sarvaani vinashyanti pradakshinaa pade pade //

ऊँ यानि कानि च पापानि , जन्मान्तर कृतानि च|
तानि सर्वानि विनश्यन्ति , प्रदक्षिण पदे पदे ||

{कई जन्मों में जो कोई पाप किए हैं वे सब प्रदक्षिणा करने से नष्ट हो जाऐं}


** Do Pradakshina (circumambulation) and Offer prayers for forgiveness
~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~

** You offer the above items by turning the items seven times around the Kalash.


(7) Then offer your personal prayers to Lord Shiva and his family. Ask Lord Shiva and his family for whatever you desire and they being so merciful will grant what you desire. But be careful what you desire for...


(8) After the formal worship has been completed, chapters from Shiv Purana or a Pradosha katha is read (which is given below) and heard by the devotees.

~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~

Pradosh vrat katha:


The Pradosh vrat katha is associated with Samudramanthana or Churning of ocean .







According to Hindu Puranas, on the advice of Lord Vishnu the gods (Devas) and the demons (Asuras) were stirring the milky ocean (ksheer sagar) to extract amirtam (nectar), with Vasuki (the serpent king) as a rope. As Vasuki underwent severe scratches due to the churning, she emitted a powerful poison which is capable of destroying the world. The helpless celestials pleaded Lord Shiva to save them. In order to save them, Lord Shiva swallowed the poison. Goddess Parvati stopped the poison in Lord’s throat and it is believed that his throat turned to blue. As a result of this, Lord Shiva came to be known as Thiruneelagandan or Neelakandan or Neelkanth (the one with Blue Throat).







The gods and demons continued the samudra-manthan and finally they got the Amrita on the twelfth day of lunar fortnight.


It is said that on the Trayodhasi (thirteenth moon day) day, the gods and demons realized that they had committed a sin of not praying the God and prayed for forgiveness. They thanked Lord Shiva. Lord Shiva Shankar forgave them and danced in between the horns of the Nandhi’s (Celestial Bull) forehead. This time is called Pradhosham. It is believed that if anybody prays Lord Shiva in that time, he fulfills their wishes and gives them mukthi.


~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~


* This is followed by the recitation of the Maha Mrityunjaya Mantra 108 times.


* In the end the sacred kalasha water is partaken of, the sacred ash is applied to the forehead.

~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~
********************************************

महामृत्युंजय मंत्र

ॐ हौं जूं सः ॐ भूर्भुवः स्वः
ॐ त्र्यम्बकं य्यजा महे
सुगन्धिम्पुष्टि वर्द्धनम्
उर्व्वा रुक मिव बन्धनान्
मृत्योर्म्मुक्षीय मामृतात् ॐ
स्वः भुवः भूः ॐ सः जूं हौं ॐ

The Maha Mrityunjay Mantra


Om Trayambakam Yajamahe,
Sugandhim Pushtivardhanam;
Urva Rukamiva Bandhanaan,
Mrityor Muksheeye Maamritat.


******************************************
~*~-*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*

शिव स्तुति

कर्पूर गौरम करूणावतारम
संसार सारम भुजगेन्द्र हारम |
सदा वसंतम हृदयारविंदे
भवम भवानी सहितं नमामि ||

~*~-*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~
*****************************************

Procedure of Udyapan (ending) of Pradosh Vrat
====================================


* For the conclusion of this fast, Trayodashi Tithi is selected.
* One day before Udyapan, Lord Ganesha is worshiped.
* One night before, Kritan and Jagran are performed.
* Early in the  morning, the Mandap is made and decorated with clothes and lotus flowers. A rosary of (108 times) " Om uma sahit shivay namah " is chanted and hawan is performed.
* Kheer is used in Aahuti(offering) in Hawan.
* After the Hawan is over, Aarti of God Bholenath is performed and Peace mantra(Shanti Path) is recited.
* At the end, two Brahmans are offered food.
* Also, alms are given as per ones capacity and blessing are taken.



~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~  ~*~
********************************************
For Bilwashtakam go to my following link:
http://festivalsofindia-bb-blog.blogspot.in/2015/02/bilwashtakam.html 

********************************************





9 comments:

  1. its very useful, Plz keep making things easily understandable, thx

    ReplyDelete
  2. JAI SHANKAR JI KI,,,,,,

    ReplyDelete
  3. What kinds of foods should we eat and what to avoid during this fasting days?

    ReplyDelete
  4. What's that Arti at ending of Pradosh pujan, done just before Lingashtakam!!! Arti with words enging Om Har Har Har Mahadev!!!

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Kindly see Aarti Shiv Shankar Ji in my post Aarti Collection (Gods)

      Delete
  5. what ever the info is kept in this is 100% correct.

    ReplyDelete
  6. Very Helpful Information Thnak You Very Much

    ReplyDelete
  7. What are the benefits of observing the fast when the day falls on a Friday and Sunday? No mention was made of these days.

    ReplyDelete